Wednesday, December 13, 2006

Bedding Glossary

Bedding Glossary

Allergen:
A substance that causes an allergic reaction, for example dust.

Baffles:
A chamber used to obstruct the movement of a substance (for example, water).

Bed frame:

A frame that maintains the position of the foundation, headboard and footboard.

Bed riser:
Separate blocks or cones placed under the bed to raise it higher off the floor.

Bedding:

A general term to describe all the sheets, pillows, comforters, etc. used on a bed.

Body Alignment:
The relational positioning and balance of the spine, muscles and joints.

Box Spring:

A foundation that contains springs.

California King:
Any mattress, bed frame or foundation that measures 72" wide by 84" long.

Canopy:

A fabric covering suspended above the bed, usually with posts.

Coil:
A spring to provide resistance to applied weight.

Coil Configuration:

The arrangement of coils in a specific pattern.

Comfort:
A general term to describe the overall "feel" a mattress.

Contouring:

The ability to follow or fit the natural curves (contours) of the body.

Convoluted foam:
A type of synthetic foam that includes patterned raised fibers shaped in waves, boxes, cones and stripes. These designs are said to have therapeutic benefits.

Coverlet:

The general term to describe any bed covering, such as a comforter, blanket, quilt, duvet, or bedspread.

Down:
The extremely soft, fluffy under layer of bird feathers (notably goose or duck).

Duvet:

A warm, soft bed covering that is filled with down or feathers.

Featherbed:
A soft, thick mattress topper filled with down or feathers.

Filling (Fill):

The material used to occupy (fill) an empty space. Filling provides the support, firmness and comfort of mattresses, pillows, comforters, etc.

Firmness:
A general term to describe how much resistance the mattress applies to body weight and the resulting "give".

Footboard:

A board or panel that sits at the foot of a bed.

Foundation
A base that supports the mattress. It absorbs the weight and pressure applied to the bed.

Futon:

A thin mattress placed on a frame that can covert to a bed or sofa/chair.

Gusset:
A triangle insert that adds strength to edges and corners (such as a seam).

Gusseted:

Items that are reinforced with gussets.

Headboard:
A board or panel that sits at the head of a bed.

Helical:

A small helix or spiral shaped wire that is used to connect coils.

High-density foam:
A general term to describe foam that is especially dense and thick.

House brand:
A retailer's custom brand that is only available through their store.

Hypoallergenic:

A term to describe objects that have a decreased likelihood of provoking an allergic reaction.

King size:
Any mattress, bed frame or foundation that measures 76" wide by 80" long.

Latex foam:

Foam made of latex (a flexible substance derived from the rubber tree).

Loft:
The height or "lift" gained by the depth of the filling material.

Matelassé:
A fabric finish that suggests or imitates the indentations of a quilt.

Mattress:

The actual sleep surface of the bed; a bed's support, firmness and comfort are supplied by the mattress.

Memory foam:
A type of elastic, viscous synthetic foam with exceptional contouring abilities.

Polyurethane foam:

A type of synthetic, flexible foam.

Pressure points:
Points on the body that bear the most weight and pressure when lying down; common pressure points are the shoulders, hips and knees.

Queen size:

Any mattress, bed frame or foundation that measures 60" wide by 80" long.

Quilt:
A bed covering made of scraps of fabrics sewn together with a decorative cross stitch design

Sleep set:

A general term to describe the combination of foundation, mattress, headboard, footboard and bed frame.

Support:
A general term to describe how the mattress distributes and stabilizes body weight and maintains proper body alignment.

Synthetic:
A term to describe any material that is artificially created (not found in nature).

Therapeutic:

To have healing abilities or benefits.

Thread count:
The number of vertical and horizontal threads per square inch of fabric.

Ticking:

The protective fabric cover that encases the support and comfort layers of the mattress.

Twin Extra Long:

Any mattress, bed frame or foundation that measures 39" wide by 80" long.

Twin size:

Any mattress, bed frame or foundation that measures 39" wide by 75" long.

Visco-elastic:

The characteristics of a material that combines viscous and elastic behaviors; the scientific term to describe memory foam.

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